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Jumaat, 11 April 2014

Jambatan Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah (Jambatan Kedua Pulau Pinang / Penang Second Link)

Assalamu'alaikum,

Selain urusan kerja, hamba sempat naik Jambatan Pulau Pinang Kedua yang dinamakan sempena SPB Yang DiPertuan Agong, Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah. Nak rebut naik waktu percuma. Hamba kira begitu simbolik sekali nama SPB YDA digunakan, yang mana beliau juga merupakan Sultan Kedah. Bagi orang biasa, nama mungkin tidak begitu penting. Bagi hamba, nama penting, Nabi Adam AS juga diajarkan nama-nama (ilmu segala) yang malaikat tidak mempunyai pengetahuan tentangnya. 








Gambar dari Internet




































sumber : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_Abdul_Halim_Muadzam_Shah_Bridge

The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge or Penang Second Bridge (Malay: Jambatan Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah or Jambatan Kedua Pulau Pinang) E28 is a dual carriageway toll bridge inPenangMalaysia. It connects Bandar Cassia (Batu Kawan) in Seberang Perai on mainland Peninsular Malaysia with Batu Maung on Penang Island. It is the second bridge to link the island to the mainland after the firstPenang Bridge. The total length of the bridge is 24 km (15 mi) with length over water at 16.9 km (10.5 mi), making it the longest bridge in Malaysia and the longest in Southeast AsiaChina Harbour Engineering Co Ltd(CHEC), a main contractor for the second bridge was expected to start work on the second Penang bridge in November 2007 and complete the project in 2011, but the completion date was then postponed to May 2012, and later to February 2014.[4] Construction actually started in November 2008. To reduce the cost of construction, its design was then modified to resemble the first cable stayed Penang Bridge. The bridge has been built with a large loan from the People's Republic of China to continue and maintain the economic relationship between China and Malaysia.[5] The bridge was officially opened on 1 March 2014 and was named after the fourteen Yang di-Pertuan AgongTuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah of Kedah and was assigned with the route number E28.

Overview[edit]

Sunset view from the island
The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is a High Impact Project (HIP) launched under the Ninth Malaysia Plan. Being a High Impact Project, it is seen as a key catalyst in the socio-economic development of the Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) of Malaysia. The project is being delivered by a special purpose Concession Company formed by theGovernment of MalaysiaJambatan Kedua Sdn Bhd (JKSB). The bridge measuring a total of 24 km in length is being constructed by UEM Builders Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of the UEM Group Malaysia, as well as China Harbour Engineering Company (CHEC), a subsidiary of the China Construction & Communications Group (CCCG). Construction of the bridge, linking Batu Kawan on the mainland and Batu Maung on Penang Island, began in November 2008 and is currently projected completed on February 2014. The bridge was opened to traffic on 2 March 2014.[6]

Route background[edit]

Map of crossings of Penang Strait as of 2014
The Kilometre Zero of the expressway starts at Batu Kawan Interchange, at its interchange with the North-South Expressway Northern Route E1, the main expressway of the central of Peninsular Malaysia.

History[edit]

Planning[edit]

In the year 1995, the idea to build a second bridge linking Seberang Perai to Penang Island was suggested by the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia'sTun Dr Mahathir Mohammad and the 3rd Chief Minister of Penang's Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon. In August 2006, the Malaysian federal governmentunveiled a plan to build the Penang Second Bridge in the Ninth Malaysia Plan. On 12 November 2006, the groundbreaking ceremony for the new Penang Second Bridge was performed by the 5th Malaysian Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi.

Construction[edit]

Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge from the east.
Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge at night.
After months of soil survey work and test piling work, CHEC and UEM announced that the project was on track for completion in 2011. Construction work was expected to begin in January 2008.[7]
On April 2008, the government announced that the project was to be delayed by 9 months due to land acquisition, design issues, and also the rising costs of building materials.[8] Newly elected Penang Chief Minister, Lim Guan Eng proposed a toll discount for any delays on the project[9] and also expressed disappointment regarding the construction delay.[10]
On July 2008, Jelutong MP Jeff Ooi reported that the loan for the bridge risked being withdrawn if the shareholder agreement between UEM Builders Berhad and its joint-venture partner CHEC was not inked by August 2008. It was reported that there were disagreements between the two parties on the apportionment of the cost of building the bridge although the issue was expected to be resolved quickly due to UEM having a variation on the price on its portion.[11]
On 8 November 2008, the construction of the Penang Second Bridge by CHEC finally commenced.[12]
On 3 October 2012, media reports indicated that the bridge was 84% complete, and that the bridge was due to be completed approximately two months ahead of the deadline of September 2013.[13]
On 20 April 2013, the final closure of the cable stayed bridge at the main navigational span of the Penang Second Bridge was completed and thus signified the completion of the construction of the bridge and physically connecting Batu Maung on the Island and Batu Kawan on the Mainland.
On 30 April 2013, the sixth Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak became the country’s first leader to use the 24 km Penang Second Bridge to cross from the island to the mainland to attend a function in Kepala Batas, Seberang Perai.
The bridge was originally planned for completion on 8 November 2013 and to be opened to the public by the end of November.[14] However, the opening day of 8 November 2013 was postponed and the bridge would be opened to traffic on 1 March 2014.[15][16]

Opening[edit]

Opening Ceremony of the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge on 1 March 2014.
The opening ceremony of the Penang Second Bridge was held at 8:30 pm at Saturday night on March 1, 2014 and was officially opened by the sixth Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak.[17] The bridge was official named asSultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge after the fourteen Yang di-Pertuan AgongTuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah of Kedah.[18][19][20] At Sunday midnight on March 2, 2014, the bridge was opened to traffic at 12:01 am after the official opening ceremony.
Cable stayed bridge at the main span of the bridge.
Electronic Traffic Flow Information signage of the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge and the Penang Bridge.
Batu Kawan Expressway towards Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza (Gateway Arch Toll Plaza).

Incidents[edit]

Penang Second Bridge ramp at Batu Maung interchange collapse[edit]

On 6 June 2013, a ramp leading to the still under construction Penang Second Bridge at Batu Maung interchange collapsed at around 7:00 pm, burying a car and two motorcycles under the debris. One person was killed in the incident. The ramp which is part of the Package 3A of the bridge project was built by the contractor Cergas Murni Sdn Bhd and not UEM Builders Berhad.

Design specifications[edit]

Bridge[edit]

The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is designed based on the double "S" curvy concept due to the geological reasons. The numerous "S"-like curves along the 24 km stretch are a requirement under theRoad Safety Audit. It was to help motorists keep their attention on the road while driving.
The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is the longest bridge in the world installed with High Damping Natural Rubber (HDNR) Bearing, an effective seismic isolation system that enables the bridge to withstand far field earthquake with a magnatude of 7.5 on the Richter scale. The bridge is the first in Malaysia to be installed with seismic expansion joints, which will allow movements during an earthquake.

Bridge specifications[edit]

  • Overall length: 24 km (15 mi)
  • Length over water: 16.9 km (10.5 mi)
  • Main span: Length - 250 m
  • Height clearance (above water): 30 m
  • Number of vehicle lanes: 2 + 1 for motorcycles (each direction)
  • Targeted date to be opened to the public: 2 March 2014
  • Overall cost: RM 4.5 Billion
  • Average time taken to drive from Batu Kawan to Batu Maung: 20 mins
  • Proposed speed limit on bridge: 80 km/h (50 mph)
  • Percentage of local contents to be used: 60%

Land expressway[edit]

The land expressway, Batu Kawan Expressway is the first Malaysia to be designed based on an upgraded secondary consolidation creterion of 50mm settlement in the next 20 years.

Tolls[edit]

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza
Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza
(Gateway Arch Toll Plaza)
Plaza Tol Bersepadu Jambatan Kedua Pulau Pinang
Plaza Tol PLUS Bandar Cassia
(Plaza Tol Pintu Gerbang)
Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza.jpg
Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza (Bandar Cassia Toll Plaza) or better known as "Gateway Arch Toll Plaza" is the largest toll plaza in Malaysia.
General information
Architectural styleStructural expressionism
LocationE28 Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge (Penang Second Bridge),
PenangMalaysia
Construction started2011
CompletedFebruary 2014
Opening2 March 2014
Technical details
Floor count28 booths

Overview[edit]

The tolls will be collected by a private concession company, Jambatan Kedua Sdn Bhd (JKSB), which is similar to the toll scheme for the Penang Bridge. Fees are charged one way when crossing the bridge from the mainland to Penang Island. There is no toll imposed for mainland-bound motorists coming from the island. The Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza will only be charged on motorist coming from EXIT 2801Bandar Cassia-JKPP Interchange of the Persiaran Bandar Cassia. Motorist coming from EXIT 2800 Bandar Cassia-NSE Interchange of the North-South Expressway Northern Route will be charged at theBandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza.[21] During opening month of March from 2 March until 31 March 2014, there was a toll free for a month and on 1 April 2014, the toll collection for the bridge has now begun.

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza / Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza (Gateway Arch Toll Plaza)[edit]

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza from Batu Kawan Interchange of the North-South Expressway Northern Route.
Penang Second Bridge Toll Plaza from Bandar Cassia Interchange
The Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza or Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza or also known as Gateway Arch Toll Plaza is a main toll plaza for Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge in Bandar CassiaPenangMalaysia. Upon completion in February 2014, Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza would be the largest toll plaza in Malaysia, with the Sungai Besi Toll Plaza being the second.[22] The Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza is Malaysia's longest non-vehicular span steel arch structure shape to celebrate this gateway concept and become an iconic feature of the design and it is similar toGateway Arch in St LouisMissouriUnited States.[23] Its toll complexes are the first in Malaysia to be awarded with a Platinum rating in the Green Building Index (GBI).

Toll rates[edit]

(Starting 1 April 2014)

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza or Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza (Gateway Arch Toll Plaza) (For Bandar Cassia-NSE Interchange (North-South Expressway Northern Route) - Penang Second Bridge bound only)[edit]

Toll for the NSE-Penang Second Bridge bound, the Batu Kawan Expressway will be collected from users exiting from North-South Expressway Northern Route (PLUS Expressways) at Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza going to Penang Island via the Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Bridge or to Bandar Cassia and users entering the North-South Expressway Northern Route (PLUS Expressways) at Bandar Cassia Toll Plaza.
ClassType of vehiclesRate (in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
0Motorcycles
(Vehicles with two axels and two wheels)
NIL
1Private Cars
(Vehicles with two axels and three or four wheels (excluding taxi and bus))
RM 0.60
2Vans and other small good vehicles
(Vehicles with two axels and six wheels (excluding bus))
RM 0.90
3Large Trucks
(Vehicles with three or more axels (excluding bus))
RM 1.20
4TaxisRM 0.30
5BusesRM 0.50

Penang Second Bridge Toll Plaza or Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza (For Bandar Cassia Interchange - Penang Second Bridge bound only)[edit]

Users from the Mainland (Batu Kawan) going to the Penang Island (Batu Maung) via the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge, the toll will be collected at Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza and Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza (one way).
ClassType of vehiclesRate (in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
0Motorcycles
(Vehicles with two axels and two wheels)
RM 1.70
1Private Cars
(Vehicles with two axels and three or four wheels (excluding taxi and bus))
RM 8.50
2Vans and other small good vehicles
(Vehicles with two axels and six wheels (excluding bus))
RM 30.50
3Large Trucks
(Vehicles with three or more axels (excluding bus))
RM 70.10
4TaxisRM 8.50
5BusesRM 26.20
Note: Touch 'n Go is also available for light vehicles and motorcycles. The Smart TAG lane is for light vehicles only.

Facilities[edit]

JKSB Ronda[edit]

Mitsubishi i-MIEV patrol vehicles.
JKSB Ronda is the highway patrol unit to patrol along the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge and land expressways and also to provide assistance to commuters on the bridge. The current highway patrol vehicles are the Japanese made Toyota Hilux and the Mitsubishi i-MiEV, the four-seater electric vehicle, with similar dimensions of a Perodua Viva, is able to travel 150 km after an eight-hour full charge. Seven charging stations were also set up at the toll plaza on the mainland, two of them being rapid chargers which are able to give a 80 per cent charge in 30 minutes.[24]

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